Continent: North America

Previous name: N/A

Date of independence: 20th May 1902

Languages spoken: Spanish

Population: Approximately 11,059,062

Flag: The Cuban flag is red, white, and blue with a white, five-pointed star on the left of the flag.  Red symbolises the blood shed for independence, white represents peace, blue is for the country’s regions, and the star signifies freedom.



Key facts: Cuba is one of the Caribbean islands located in the Caribbean Sea. Its terrain is made up of flat to rolling plains, with rugged mountains in the south. The majority of the population are aged between 25 to 55 years. Cuba was a common destination for enslaved people who worked on the sugar and coffee plantations. Cuba was an ally of the communist Soviet Union during the mid-20th century, resulting in severed ties with America. Although many people struggle financially in Cuba, and internet is hard to access, free education means there are many doctors in Cuba, and it has one of the best healthcare systems in the world.



Symbols and culture: Cuba’s symbol is the royal palm tree. Cuba’s culture is changing fast, but it is still a communist nation with high emphasis on working collectively.



Natural resources: Cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum.

Source of images: