Born: 9th November 1923
Died: 14th July 2014
Birth Place: United States
Known for: Being the first Black woman to win an Olympic gold medal.
Coachman has been named one of the 100 greatest Olympians.
In 1979, she was inducted into the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame.
Coachman was the first Black woman to win Olympic gold.
Alice Coachman was an African American athlete who specialised in high jump. As a young girl, Coachman was unable to access training facilities because of the colour of her skin. She trained by running along the dirt roads near her home, using homemade equipment to practice jumping.
She began her athletic career competing in the Amateur Athletic Union’s Women’s National Championships, which she won 10 years in a row. In her first year she competed barefoot, beating the college and national high jump records. Aside from high jump, she also won championships in sprinting, relay and basketball.
Coachman was unable to compete in the 1940 and 1944 Olympic Games, which were cancelled because of World War Two. She did compete in the 1948 Olympic Games, and won a gold medal in high jump. Sports writer Eric Williams said of Coachman, “Had she competed in those cancelled Olympics, we would probably be talking about her as the No. 1 female athlete of all time.”
After retiring as an athlete, Coachman dedicated her life to education and became a track and field instructor.
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