Born: 31st January 1919
Died: 24th October 1972
Birth Place: United States
Known for: Baseball player
Jackie Robinson had 1,518 hits in his career.
In 1947, Robinson broke the decades-old “colour line” of Major League Baseball when he appeared on the field. He was playing for the National League Brooklyn Dodgers.
Robinson played himself in the biographic film The Jackie Robinson Story.
Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born 31st of January, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia. He grew up in Pasadena, California. He was a star athlete in football, basketball, track, and baseball at the University of California at Los Angeles. From 1942 to 1945 he served in the U.S. Army. After leaving the Army Robinson played baseball for the Kansas City Monarchs. The team belonged to the Negro American League. At that time only white players were allowed in the major leagues.
Branch Rickey, president of the Brooklyn Dodgers, was interested in making big league baseball open to black players. He knew that the first African American brought into the majors would have to be very special. When Rickey met Robinson, he knew he had found the right person:
- Robinson first played for the Dodgers in 1947.
- At the end of the season he was chosen as the best new player in baseball.
- In 1949 he was chosen as the most valuable player in the National League.
Although Robinson played well, things were not always easy. Players and people in the crowd often shouted hateful things at him. Pitchers sometimes threw the ball at him on purpose. But Robinson refused to quit.
Robinson helped the Dodgers win six National Leagues and one World Series title. He retired from baseball in 1957.
Robinson then became a businessman and worked for civil rights. In 1962 he became the first black player in the Baseball Hall of Fame.
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